Public Health and Landscape: Creating Healthy Places

This report by the Landscape Institute is aimed primarily at public health teams and at policy makers.

It makes the point that with rising health costs (the NHS's share of GDP has risen in the past 50 years from 3.4 per cent to 8.2 per cent), investing in landscape in ways that can influence public health is cost effective.

With useful case studies, it quotes a 2012 study by the Canadian Public Health Association which shows that it is 27 times more expensive to achieve a given reduction in cardiovascular mortality through clinical interventions than through public health measures.