Landscapes of helping: kindliness in neighbourhoods and communities

This paper from the JRF explores how communities need to evolve, to reconnect, so that people cultivate the 'background hum' of sociability that has been associated with neighbourliness.

Drawing on Hebden Bridge in West Yorkshire, it maps the key characteristics of the landscape of helping, how best to cultivate, nurture and create the environment to enable social bonds to flourish, based on emotional attachments, shared values and social forms that actively sustain relationships of trust and mutuality.